The cylinder block is made of cast alloy iron. The cylinder block has 6 cylinders that are arranged in
a V shape. There are 3 cylinders in each bank. The cylinder banks are set at a 60 degree angle from
each other.

Starting from the front of the engine, the left bank cylinders are 1, 3, 5. The right bank cylinders are
2, 4, 6.

Four main bearings support the crankshaft. The crankshaft is retained by the bearing caps. The
bearing caps are machined with the block for proper alignment and clearances. The main bearing
caps are drilled and tapped for the structural oil pan side bolts.

The aluminum cylinder heads have individual intake and exhaust ports for each cylinder. The valve
guides are pressed in. The roller rocker arms are located on a pedestal in a slot in the cylinder head.
The roller rocker arms are retained on individual threaded bolts.

The crankshaft is cast nodular iron with deep rolled fillets on all 6 crankpins and all 4 main journals.
Four steel-backed aluminum bearings are used. The #3 bearing is the end-thrust bearing.

The camshaft is made from a new metal composite design. The camshaft profile is a hydraulic roller
design. The camshaft is supported by 4 journals. The camshaft includes an oil pump drive gear.

The pistons are cast aluminum using 2 compression rings and 1 oil control ring. The piston pin is
offset 0.8 mm (0.031 in) towards the major thrust side. This placement allows for a gradual change in
thrust pressure against the cylinder wall as the piston travels its path. The pins are chromium steel.
The pins have a floating fit in the pistons. The pins are retained in the connecting rods by a press fit.

The connecting rods are made of forged steel. Full pressure lubrication is directed to the connecting
rods by drilled oil passages from the adjacent main bearing journal.

A roller rocker type valve train is used. Motion is transmitted from the camshaft through the hydraulic
roller lifter and from the pushrod to the roller rocker arm. The rocker arm pivots on the needle roller
bearings. The rocker arm transmits the camshaft motion to the valve. The rocker arm pedestal is
located in a slot in the cylinder head. The rocker arm is retained in the cylinder head by a bolt. The
pushrod is located by the rocker arm.

The intake manifold is a 2-piece cast aluminum unit. The intake manifold centrally supports a fuel rail
with 6  fuel injectors.

The exhaust manifolds are cast nodular iron.

More Auto Repair Answers, Questions And Help
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Vehicle electrical testing        Serpentine belt diagrams        Ford Mustang 5.0 engine overhaul high performance        Tire number descriptions

Engine Operation
2.2L  3100 / 3400 
3.5L  3800 
4200  4.3L Vortec

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3.4L Engine Mechanical Description